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自动词的济南英语翻译过去分词讲解!

2021-09-25 10:38:28 http://www.ybfyfw.com/ 53

在动词be之后接用自动词的过去分词,不可看作被动语态,而应视为一种完成式才对,因为那是指某自动词的动作在完成后的状态。我们现在所说的完成式(现在)只有havedone一个形式,但是在OE(古英文)的时代是have+宾语+过去分词。
The past participle of an automatic word after the verb be can not be regarded as a passive voice, but as a perfect form, because it refers to the state of the action of an automatic word after completion. There is only one form of the perfect (present) we are talking about now, but in the era of OE (Old English), it is have + object + past participle.
用于have+宾语+过去分词这个形式的动词主要是他动词,而自动词,尤其是标运动、变化、终止等的自动词,如come,go,arrive,fall,arise,become,grow,change,die等字,就采用be+过去分词的形式,和have的形式,在意义上毫无分别。
济南英语翻译
The verbs used in the form of have + object + past participle are mainly other verbs, while automatic words, especially automatic words marked with movement, change, termination, etc., such as come, go, arrive, fall, arise, become, grow, change, die, etc., adopt the form of be + past participle, which is no different from the form of have in meaning.
但这种自动词济南翻译公司的be+过去分词的形式,经由MiddleEnglish(中世英语)到ModernEnglish(现代英语)而渐渐失势,为have的形式所侵蚀,所以我们今日说到perfecttense(完成时态)就只知havedone一个形式了。
However, the form of be + past participle of the automatic word Jinan translation company gradually loses power through middleenglish to modern English and is eroded by the form of have. Therefore, when we talk about perfect tense today, we only know the form of havedone.
但古代自动词的用法并没有绝迹,现在表示运动和变化的少数自动词,如come,go,arrive,depart,fall,rise,set,grow等,仍保留be+过去分词的形式,在用法上与have的形式分庭抗礼,以have表完成的动作,be表完成的状态。
However, the usage of automatic words in ancient times has not disappeared. Now a few automatic words representing movement and change, such as come, go, arrive, Department, fall, rise, set, growth, still retain the form of be + past participle, and compete with the form of have in usage. The action completed with the form of have and the state completed with the form of be.
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